Pelvic Organ Prolapse Symptoms and Treatments


Pelvic Organ Prolapse is a condition where the muscles and ligaments supporting a woman’s pelvic organs weaken causing the pelvic organs slip out of place (prolapse). There are different types of Pelvic Organ Prolapse. One of the most common types is vaginal prolapse. This condition usually develops after Menopause, childbirth or a hysterectomy.

A diagnosis of Pelvic Organ Prolapse usually begins with a physical exam of the pelvic organs.  This helps the doctor to determine the type and severity. At this time, the physician will most likely review your medical history and family history with you, and discuss your symptoms.  Diagnostic tests used for Pelvic Organ Prolapse include the following:

  1. Cotton Swab Test
  2. Bladder Function Test
  3. Pelvic Floor Strength Tests, and
  4. Imaging Tests.

There are currently several different treatments available for Pelvic Organ Prolapse.  The treatment used will depend on both the type and severity. For less severe cases, medications such as Estrogen Replacement Therapy may be used to strengthen the muscles of the vagina.  Physical therapy (biofeedback and electrical stimulation) is also used to treat the milder cases of Pelvic Organ Prolapse. For the moderate to severe cases, surgery is often the best treatment. The type of surgery performed will depend on the type of Pelvic Organ Prolapse you are experiencing.

If you are suffering from Pelvic Organ Prolapse, it is important to discuss your symptoms with a qualified Gynecologist in your local area. A qualified Gynecologist can accurately diagnose the type and severity and determine the most appropriate treatment for your individual case.

Posted on behalf of Dr. Carlos Alarcon, Marietta OB-GYN Affiliates, P.A.